1. HORDHAC

In ka badan 30 jeer oo ay kulamo yeesheen, ayaa xisbiyada Somaliland iyo madaxweynuhu, ay ku guul daraysteen inay xalliyaan khilaafka dhexdooda yaalla, ama marka heshiis la gaadho, aanay suuro-gal noqon inuu sidii lagu heshiiyey u fulo. Xukuumaddu waxay marwalba ku eedanaysaa Xisbiga Waddani inaanu diyaar u ahayn doorasho, iyaga oo sheegaya inay dhinacooda diyaar u yihiin, halka Xisbiga Waddani oo soo qaadanaya tusaalayaal la xidhiidha tallaabooyinka ay xukuumaddu qaadayso, uu ku doodayo in xukuumaddu aanay sinaba diyaar ugu ahayn inay dalka doorasho ka qabato, taas bedelkeedana dalku u sii xuubsiibanayo kelitalisnimo, waa sida uu tilmaamayo Xisbiga Waddani.

July 27th, 2019, ayaa beesha caalamku soo farogelisay, muranka u dhexeeya Xisbiyada iyo Xukuumadda, iyaga oo ku guulaystay inay dhex-dhigaan heshiis xal lagaga gaadhayo, khilaafkii ka taagnaa guddida doorashada, isla markaana jidka u xaadhaya inay Somaliland ka qabsoomaan doorashooyin, heshiiskaas markii la saxeexayey waxaa goobjoog ka ahaa Danjiraha Midawga Yurub u qaabilsan Soomaalia Nicolas Berlanga iyo Madaxa xafiiska UK ay ku leedahay magaalada Hargeisa Stuart Brown. Nasiib darro, heshiiskaasi uma dhaqan gelin sidii loogu heshiiyey, lamana raacin jadwalkii ku xusnaa, mana jirin cid masuuliyad iska saartay. Waxaase markale lagu noqday, murankii guddida doorashada, iyaga oo ay hareer socdeen tallaabooyin, sii fogaynayey in doorashooyinku ay Somaliland ka qabsoomaan sannadka 2020.

Sidoo kale Golayaasha deegaanka ee haatan xilka haya, wuxuu wakhtigoodii dhamaaday April 29, 2019. Tan iyo xilligaas ma jirto sharciyad ay ku shaqeeyaan, arrintaasina waxay noqonaysaa cashar kale oo ay siyaasiyiinta Somaliland ka baranayaan, in marka wakhtigoodu dhamaado ay kuraasta iska sii joogi karaan, si la mida casharka Somaliland ay ku soo kordhisay dimoqraadiyadda ee ah, in marka xilku ka dhamaado masuuliyiinta la doorto inay kuraasta ku sii joogaan muddo kordhin.

Ugu dambayn, waxaa la magcaabay guddi doorasho oo markale lagu muransan yahay, waxaana Golaha Guurtidu ay muddo laba sano ah u kordhiyeen golaha Wakiillada halka muddo xilleedkoodana ay Golaha Guurtidu ku darsadeen laba sano oo kale, tallaabadaas oo ka hor-imanaysa, soo jeedintii farsamo ee guddida doorashadu hore u sheegeen inay doorashooyinka ku qaban karaan muddo 10 bilood ah. Golaha Guurtida ayaa 17-kii sano ee ugu dambeeyey sameeyey in ka badan 30 jeer oo muddo kordhin ah, oo ay u sameeyeen Golayaasha Baarlamaanka, Deegaanka iyo Madaxweynayaashii hore. Golaha Guurtida ee haatan fadhiya ayaa la soo xulay sannadkii 1997 iyaga oo muddo xileedkoodu ku ekaa sannadkii 2003, hase ahaatee waxay tan iyo xilligaas ku joogeen muddo kordhin soo noqnoqota. Nasiib darro golihii Guurtida ee la soo xulay sannadkii 1997, waxaa haatan golaha ka jooga in ka yar 10 xubnood, halka ay cusub yihiin in ka badan 72 xubnood. Waxaana dood sharciyeed ay ka taagan tahay habka loo buuxiyey xubnaha cusub ee golahaas ku biiray, kuwaas oo qaarkood aanayba gaadhin da’da ku xusan dastuurka dalka.

27th November 2019, Qoraal ka soo baxay dalalka la saaxiibka ah Somaliland, Qaramada Midoobay, IGAD iyo Midawga Yurub ayay walaac kaga muujiyeen, muddo kordhinta golayaasha sharci-dejinta ee Somaliland, muranka guddida doorashooyinka iyo tallaabooyinka ka dhanka ah xoriyadda hadalka. Dalalkan ayaa ah kuwa Somaliland ka taageera arrimaha horumarka, nabadgelyada, dimoqraadiyadda, gargaarka bini’aadanimo iyo fududaynta wada-shaqaynta ay Somaliland la leedahay wadamada caalamka. Waana fariin culayskeeda leh marka la eego dalalka soo saaray qoraalka, kuwaas oo talooyin u soo jeediyey siyaasiyiinta iyo madaxda Somaliland, oo haddii aan si miisaaman loo dhegeysan, ay dhacayso inay saamayn xooggan ku yeelan karto, nolosha bulshada iyo xidhiidhka Somaliland ay la leedahay wadamada debedda.

Caqabado kala duwan ayaa ku hareeraysan qabashada doorashooyinka golayaasha deegaanka iyo wakiillada, waxaana caqabadaha ugu waaweyn ka mida:

Qodobadaasi waxay ka mid yihiin caqabadaha ugu waaweyn ee hortaagan doorashooyinka golayaasha deegaanka iyo wakiillada.

Golaha Deegaanka ee Somaliland waxaa la doortay bishii November 2012, waxaana xilkoodu ku ekaa muddo shan sano ah oo beegnayd November 2017, hase ahaatee waxaa loo sameeyey muddo kordhin ku ekayd illaa 28 April 2019. Nasiib daro, tan iyo wixii ka dambeeyey xilligaas, may jirin wax muddo kordhin ah oo loo sameeyey, sidoo kalena waxay ku shaqaynayaan golayaasha deegaanka ee Somaliland iyaga oo aan haysan wax sharciyad ah.

Sida ku cad qodobka 111aad ee dastuurka faqraddiisa 9aad, Xoghayayaasha Dawladaha Hoose ayaa xilka sii haynaya inta laga soo dooranayo gole deegaan oo cusub. Sidaas awgeed, maadaama golayaasha deegaanka ee haatan uu wakhtigoodii dhammaaday, waxaa waajib ah in la raaco dastuurka Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland.

Masaalixda ka dhexeysa hay’adaha dawladda ee salka ku haysa, sii joogitaanka xafiiska, marka uu dhamaado xilligii la doortay, ayaa u muuqata, inay caqabad weyn ku noqotay koboca dimoqraadiyadda Somaliland. Siyaasiyiin badan oo la doortay ayaa doorbiday inay kursiga sii joogaan, iyaga helaya fursado siyaasadeed oo u saamaxaya inay dib u dhigaan doorashada lagu bedeli lahaa.

Tusaale ahaan,

Muddo kordhinta ay sameeyeen 24/11/2019, golaha guurtida ee Somaliland ayaa noqonaysa muddo kordhintii 30aad ee ay sameeyaan[1], taas oo ka dhigaysa, in shaqada ugu weyn ee golaha guurtidu ay qabtaan ay noqotay, inay wakhtiga u kordhiyaan, hay’adaha la soo doortay ee Somaliland.

Qodobka 42aad ee Dastuurka Somaliland faqraddiisa 3aad ayaa dhigaysa:

“… Haddii doorashada Golaha Wakiiladu ku qabsoomi weydo duruufo adag awgeed, Golaha hore ayaa xilka sii haynaya inta ay ka dhamaanayso duruuftaasi, lagana dooranayo Gole cusub. Duruufaha adagi waa: dagaal baahsan, xasilooni darro gudaha ah, aafo dabiici ah oo culus sida dhul gariir, cudurrada faafa, abaaro culus; waxaana qiimaynaya kana goaan gaadhaya Golaha Guurtida ka dib marka Golaha Xukuumaddu sidaa soo jeediyo …”

Haddaba sharciyan dastuurku wuu caddeeyey duruufaha keeni kara muddo kordhinta, waxaase muuqata in haatan Somaliland aanay ka jirin dagaal baahsan, xasilooni darro gudaha ah iyo afooyin dabiici ahi, taas bedelkeeda ay ka jiraan Murano siyaasadeed oo taxane noqday, kuwaas oo u muuqda in sababaha ay u dhammaan la’yihiin ay ka mid yihiin, in laga leeyahay dano siyaasadeed oo aan la doonayn in la xalliyo.

Golaha Guurtidu, wuxuu Somaliland ugu fadhiyaa, kaalin aad u weyn, waxay door laxaad leh ka soo qaateen nabadaynta Somaliland gaar ahaan xilliyadii ugu adkaa, waana golaha qaabilsan arrimaha dhaqanka, diinta iyo nabadgelyada, waana gole illaa haatan muhiimaddiisu ay taagan tahay.

Golaha guurtidu waa gole distooriya, oo leh shakhsiyad qaanuuni ah, xubnaha golaha guurtida ee dastuurku xisaanadda iyo mudnaanta siiyey, waxaa la cayimay wakhti ay xilka hayn karaan oo ku kooban muddo lix sannadood ah, sida ku cad qodobka 58aad ee dastuurka Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland, sidaas awgeed xubnaha golaha guurtida waxaa la doortay sannadkii 1997, iyada oo muddada xil hayntoodu ay dhamaatay sannadkii 2003, meelna dastuurka kagama qorna in loo kordhiyo golaha guurtida, hase ahaatee waxay muddo kordhintooda u isticmaalaan Xeer Lr. 19 oo soo baxay sannadkii 2003. Halkaas waxaa ka cad inaan muddo kordhinta golaha Guurtidu aanay ku dhisnay Dastuurka balse ay tahay mid lagu jideeyey xeer ay soo saareen golaha baarlamaanku.

29 March 2003, waxaa golayaasha baarlamaanku ay meel mariyeen sharci ka kooban hal qodob oo keliya oo nuxurkiisu yahay “Muddada Golaha Guurtidu waxay mar walba hal sano ka dambaynaysaa, muddada xil haynta golaha wakiillada”, go’aankaas ka soo baxay golayaasha baarlamaanka ayaa summadiisu ay tahay GW/KF-19/245/2003. Waxaa xiise gaar ah leh, in xeerkaas loo adeegsanayo muddo kordhinta guurtida uu ka kooban yahay oo keliya halkaas qodob.

Golaha Guurtidu waxay ka kooban yihiin 82 mudane iyo xubno sharafeed aan cod lahayn, sida uu xaqiijiyey xafiiska la socodka hawlaha doorashooyinku, waxaa Meesha ka baxay oo aan ka mid ahayn golaha guurtida ee haatan jooga, in ka badan 72 mudane oo ka mida xubnihii rasmiga ahaa ee la soo xulay sannadkii 1997.

Taas oo ka dhigan, inay golaha fadhiyaan 11% oo ka mida xubnihii rasmiga ahaa ee la soo xulay sannadkii 1997. Halka ay cusub yihiin 89% xubnaha golaha fadhiya, oo aan ahayn kuwii bulshadu soo xushay sannadkii 1997.

Xubnaha buuxiyey kuraasta ka banaanaatay golaha Guurtida ayaa ku yimi hab dhaxal ah, taas oo aan meelna sharciga kaga qornayn, in qof la soo xulay uu bedelo wiilkiisa ama qof xigaalkiisa ah, waxaana xubin kasta oo golaha ka baxday lagu bedelay qof ehelkiisa ah ama caruurta uu dhalay, taas oo ka dhigan in sifaha ay golaha ku soo galeen xubnaha cusubi in dood badani ay ka taagan tahay. Xubnaha qaarkood ayaa maraya dhaxalkii saddexaad. Tusaale ahaan, xubin ka mida golaha guurtida oo geeriyootay ayaa kursigii banaanaaday lagu soo buuxiyey wiil uu dhalay, ka dib wiilkii ayaa Meesha ka baxay waxaana lagu soo buuxiyey wiil kale oo uu dhalay ama ay ehel yihiin.

Sida uu dhigayo qodobka 59aad ee dastuurka Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland, faqraddiisa 1aad, qofka ku biiraya golaha guurtida Somaliland ayay tahay inay da’diisu ka weyn tahay 45 jir. Haddaba waxaa haatan golaha guurtida ku jira xubno badan oo da’doodu ay ka yartahay, shuruudda laga doonayo xubnaha golaha guurtida, sidaas awgeed waxaa si ula kac ah loo jebiyey qodobkaas dastuurka ah.

Haddaba waxay arrimahani muujinayaan in dood sharci ay hortaallo, xubnaha golaha guurtida.

Haddaba, arrimaha kor ku xusan marka la eego, waxaa innoo caddaanaysa:

Madaxweynaha:

Guurtida:

Dhinacyada Doorashooyinku Khuseeyaan:

Ku Saabsan CPA

Xarunta CPA waxaa loo aasaasay inay dalalka Geeska Afrika ka caawiso dib u dhiska, nabadaynta, dimoqraadiyadda, iyo Xuquuqda Aadanaha. Xarunta CPA waa magaalada Hargeisa ee Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland.

Address

Address: Red Sea village, I/K district, Hargeisa, Somaliland.

Email: [email protected]

Web: www.centerforpolicy.net


[1] Warbixinta “Somaliland’s Election Process: Facts and Figures” https://www.horndiplomat.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/Facts-on-electons-report.pdf

[2] Guddoomiye Cabdiraxmaan Cirro oo ka hadlay doorashada (October 21, 2018) Hargeisa TV Youtube Channel https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G66U84zsAKY&t=839s

[4] Masuuliyiinta Xisbiyada Mucaaradka oo tegey Golaha Wakiillada ee Somaliland si ay ugu ololeeyaan ansixinta isfahamka saddexda xisbi https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=py7QSQagrIA

[5] Guddoomiyaha Guddida Doorashada oo ka hadlay in doorashadu aanay dhacay xilliga loo asteeyey https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6uTlZDiBgXY

[6] La taliyaha Sharciga ee Golaha Wakiillada oo ku tilmaamay inaanu sharci ahayn mooshin ka hadlayey ansixinta isfahanka Xisbiyada oo golaha loo gudbiyey https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fcMdToNBct0

[7] Xisbiga Waddani oo ka baxay isfahankii Xisbiyada, ka dib markii ay ku eedeeyeen in Xukuumaddu ka masuul ahayd in goluhu ansixin waayo isfahanka https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9WdODrtF-Ic

[8] Xisbiga Kulmiye oo iska fogeeyey eedda Xisbiyada Mucaaradka ah https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p2FlFf4vBAY

[9] Qoraal ay madaxtooyadu ka soo saartay, nuxurka kulan dhex maray xisbiyada iyo madaxweynaha oo lagaga hadlay arrimaha doorashooyinka https://somalilandnation.com/2019/08/26/madaxweynaha-iyo-axsaabta-xisbiyada-oo-ka-wada-hadlay-sidii-loo-sii-amba-qaadi-lahaa-heshiiskii-saddexda-xisbi-qaran-ee-qabsoomida-doorashooyinka/

[10] Hoggaamiyaha Xisbiga Waddani Xirsi Cali Xaaji Xasan http://hadhwanaag.ca/mobile/articles/6046/Hogaamiye-Xirsi-Oo-Cadeeyey-Dood-Ay-La-Hortageen-Madaxweyne-Muuse-Biixi-Oo-Ku-Saabsan-Heshiiskii-Fashilmay-Ee-Doorashada

[11] Xisbiga UCID oo Gudbiyey xubintiisa guddida doorashada https://hargeisapress.com/ucid-oo-gudbiyey-xubinta-uga-mid-noqonaysa-koomiishanka-cusub-ee-doorashada-somaliland/

[12] Waa kuma Xubinta Xisbiga Waddani u gudbiyey guddida doorashada, Hadhwanaagnews http://hadhwanaagnews.ca/mobile/articles/7251/Waa-Kuma-Masuulka-Gudoomiye-Cirro-U-Xushay-Xubinta-Komishanka-Doorashooyinka-Uga-Wakiilka-Noqon-Doonta-Xisbiga-WADDANI

[13] https://www.wajaalenews.net/?p=106691

[14] http://somalilandpost.net/toddobada-xubnood-ee-komishanka-cusub-oo-loo-gudbiyey-g-wakiillada-iyo-xisbiga-waddani-oo-hakiyey-xubintii-uu-soo-magacaabay/

[15] Guddoomiyaha Golaha wakiillada oo sheegay inay heleen waraaq cabasho ah oo uga timi Xisbiga Waddani https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1IbMzgakmRQ&feature=emb_title

[16] Musharaxa madaxweyne xigeen ee Xisbiga UCID oo faahfaahiyey qoraalka cabashada ah ee Xisbiga UCID https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1IbMzgakmRQ&feature=emb_title

[17] Madaxweyne Muuse Biixi Cabdi oo ka hadlay cabashada xisbiga waddani ee guddida doorashada https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bthP3x7HeYo&feature=emb_title

[18] Golaha Wakiillada oo ansixiyey 6 xubnood oo ka mida guddida cusub ee doorashada https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YP6yoMkknTg

[19] Xisbiyada UCID iyo Waddani oo ka soo horjeestay ansixinta guddida cusub ee doorashada https://goobjoog.com/somaliland-ucid-iyo-wadani-oo-kasoo-horjeestay-guddiga-doorashada/

[20] Guddoomiye ku xigeenka labaad ee Xisbiga Kulmiye oo ka hadlay ansixinta gudida doorashada https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VL453TyoI2I

[21] Guddoomiyaha Xisbiga UCID https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OCYzI6BfcIc

[22] Madaxweyne Muuse Biixi Cabdi oo ka hadlay arrimaha Doorashooyinka https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-EUEkIqt5jI

[23] Guddoomiyaha Xisbiga Waddani oo ku baaqay isu-soo bax https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t_zlUqU6WNI

[24] Taliyaha Ciidanka Booliska Somaliland oo ka hadlay hadalka Guddoomiye Cirro https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FOennmSGAT4

[25] Afhayeenka Xisbiga Waddani oo sheegay inaanay waxba iska bedelin baaqii guddoomiyaha xisbiga waddani https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JLfZ06_UUus

[26] Guddoomiyaha Xisbiga Waddani oo markale ku baaqay isu soo bax https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3mVhSG5Fdlc

[27] Taliyaha Ciidanka Booliska Somaliland https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3mVhSG5Fdlc

[28] Xisbiga Waddani oo dib u dhigay isu soo baxyadii https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nuzh2aq5dNs

[29] Guddoomiyaha Xisbiga UCID oo ka hadlay guddida dhexdhexaadinta https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k3DWmRD29i0

[30] Golaha Guurtida oo muddo kordhin u sameeyey golayaasha baarlamaanka https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hAY5W_IClUY

[31] Xisbiyada UCID iyo Waddani oo shir wada jir ah oo ay yeesheen kaga horyimi muddo kordhinta https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ty-39338aLc

[32] Xisbiga Kulmiye oo ka hadlay muddo kordhinta https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oHWmhaU9ynk

[33] Guddida Doorashada Somaliland oo la dhaariyey https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ec158sgPZEg

[34] Guddida dhexdhexaadinta oo hadlay https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2qcr61OYQSs

[35] Warsaxaafadeedka beesha caalamka https://eeas.europa.eu/sites/eeas/files/final._statement_by_the_international_partners_to_somaliland._2017.01.26.pdf

[36] Guddida doorashada oo iska dhex doortay guddoomiye https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uFszDB3vo7Y

[37] Xubin ka tirsan guddida doorashada oo ku gacan saydhay doorashada guddoomiyahooda https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BK-KuRNvOJY

[38] Maxkamadda sare oo loo gudbiyey dacwad ka dhan ah golaha guurtida Somaliland https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9f-yFZwwfxw

[39] Madaxweyne Muuse Biixi Cabdi oo baaq u jeediyey Xisbiyada Mucaaradka https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fBB608KzWAg

[40] Hadalka Xisbiyada Mucaaradka Somaliland https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L1fDNDzQoVM

[41] Madasha wada-tashiga oo dacwadooda maxkamadda sare ka hadlay https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9Gqj2Sf4Xc4

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