An inclusive democracy means that all citizens should feel represented and be heard. However, many political systems sometimes exclude women and minority from the decision-making platforms, while other countries elect women to be their head of states or head of governments. As of June 2020, 19 out of 193 countries have female head of states. Ethiopia is the only country in Africa that has a female Head of State.1

On the global Parliaments, 25% of 39,202 of Lower House members of 190 countries were women2. Rwanda has the highest number of women in parliament3. 27 out of the 193 countries have less than 10% female representation in their Lower House4

In Horn of Africa, Ethiopia, Djibouti and Somalia has more than 24% female representation in their parliament, while Somaliland has the lowest representation when it comes to the women’s political participation in both appointive positions and elected offices.

Quota systems and commitments from the leaders have increased that more women are elected in the parliaments of Ethiopia, Djibouti and Somalia. The three countries have adopted different quota systems and policies to empower women and increase their political participation.

In this comparative analysis report, CPA will assess how Somaliland Democracy is failing to represent the women.